Thank you for your input and expressing your view very clearly. It
might surprise you that I agree with much of it. The major
problem it that the verses you are using are conditional blessings
under the Mosaic covenant and have no bearing on the unconditional
covenant made with Abraham and David. The verse you quoted
Gal. 4:16 Now to Abraham and
seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of
but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. 17
this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in
Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after,
disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if
inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promisebut God gave it
Abraham by promise., This does not disannul the covenant He
Below I have copied two form of ancient covenants
(A) One type of ancient covenant that serves as a model for
certain biblical passages is the royal grant. In this type of
a king or other person in authority rewards a loyal subject by
him an office, land, exemption from taxes, or the like. In such
covenants only the superior party binds himself; conditions are not
imposed on the inferior party; they are called covenants of promise
unconditional covenants. The covenants God made with Noah (Genesis
9:8-17), Abraham (Genesis 15:18), and David (2 Samuel 7; 23:5) fit
pattern. In each of these cases, it is God alone who binds himself
solemn oath to keep the covenant.
(B) The Mosaic covenant (Exodus 24:5... Deuteronomy 5:2 Joshua
23:16) seems to have been modeled on another type of ancient
the political treaty between a powerful king and his weaker vassal.
Following the standard form of such treaties, God, the LORD,
reminds Israel, thesuzerain, how God has saved it, and Israel in
response accepts the covenant stipulations. Israel is promised a
blessing for obedience and a curse for breaking the covenant.
There were also three covenants used in the Bible.
# 1 Shoe
used by Boaz in a binding agreement to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 4:7 Now this was the
manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and
changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe,
gave it to his neighbourand this was a testimony in
Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew
# 2 Salt
God made with David 2 Chronicles 13:5, Ought
ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over
to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of
Salt binds and preserves.
# 3 The Blood Covenant
10:29 Of how much sorer
punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath
under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the
wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done
unto the Spirit of grace?
This is an unconditional and everlasting covenant make by the blood
our Lord Jesus Christ , and is called the new covenant. Heb
13:20 Now the God of peace,
that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great
the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,
The first blood covenant made in the Bible was an unconditional one
with Abraham. It answers to the covenant "A "above
The blood covenant was used by two people as binding until death. It
was the strongest and most binding of all covenants. They would take
animal and kill it. They would divide it in two parts and lay them
apart. Each would walk through the parts and shake hands and their
in this covenant. The blood covenant was used by two people as
until death. When God made this covenant He alone walked through the
parts as Abraham slept, but he saw it all. It was absolutely
unconditional and binds God by His own oath.
God made three unconditional promises to Abraham, and He made an
unconditional covenant to fulfill them. This is the
Gen 12:1-3 Now the LORD had
said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy
from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee And I
make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy
great; and thou shalt be a blessing And I will bless them that
thee, and curse him that curseth theeand in thee shall all
the earth be blessed.
1--Personal Blessings "I will bless thee"
2--National "I will make of thee a great nation"
3--Universal "All the earth"
His covenant secures these promises. He has and is fulfilling
each of them partially up to the present time, and will complete
in the future. Talk about the Sovereignty of God, here it is
His covenant is found in Gen 15:7, And he said unto him, I am the LORD that
brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to
inherit it. And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I
that I shall inherit it? And he said unto him, Take me an
of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram
three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon. And
took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid
piece one against anotherbut the birds divided he not.
Three living things that died and were divided in the midst.
is the blood covenant.
11 And when the fowls came
upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.
This act, unknown likely, by Abraham, was to tell the birds that
were not to interfered with this solemn covenant.
12 And when the sun was going
down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great
darkness fell upon him.
13 And he said unto Abram,
of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is
theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four
14 And also that nation, whom
they shall serve, will I judgeand afterward shall they come out
15 And thou shalt go to thy
fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.
16 But in the fourth
they shall come hither againfor the iniquity of the Amorites is
His national promise confirmed by a blood covenant 12:3
17 And it came to pass,
when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace,
a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.
The burning lamp (Shechinah
glory) and the smoking furnace was God passing along
through the midst of the pieces. Abraham had no
at all in this covenant. He was horrified.
18 In the same day the LORD
a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this
from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates
Abraham killed the animals and laid them in parts but did not pass
through the midst of them. God alone made this coventant and,
God will keep His promises to Israel!
All comments and
questions to: Harold Smith
Updated January 23rd,
2014 by Sandra